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THE FIRST LETTER TO THE CORINTHIANS
Theme Verse: 26
1 Corinthians 14:1-6 – Tongues versus Prophecy
1CO14:1 All of you continue to pursue compassionate affection,738
but [also] continue to zealously seek the Pneumatic things,739
preferably that you prophesy.740
All of you continue to pursue compassionate affection: Or, KJV: follow after charity; MOF: make love your aim; MON: hotly pursue;
BER: make love your greatest quest.
But [also] continue to zealously seek the Pneumatic things: Or, spiritual
matters; WMS: keep cultivating your spiritual gifts. See notes on 1 Corinthians 12:1.
Preferably that you prophesy:
Or, PME: speak the message of God; GDS: inspired preaching; BEC speak God’s Word. [Romans 12:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:20] See below for more details on “prophesy.” Though it may relate to future matters, it most often deals with the preaching
or proclamation of God’s truth and righteousness. Research prophet.
1CO14:2 For the man speaking in a tongue is not speaking to humans but to God,741
for no one listens to him as he is speaking sacred mysteries.742
Is not speaking to humans but to God: That is, the person speaking in tongues without a translator or interpreter. Such a gift of
languages in this case serves no purpose in instructing others.
For no one listens to him as he is speaking sacred
mysteries: Or, sacred secrets, hidden truths. No one can understand what seems vain babbling in another language though the message may be discussing spiritual truths. [1 Corinthians 13:2]
contrast, the one prophesying is speaking to humans constructively,743
encouraging and comforting.744
The one prophesying is speaking to humans constructively: See notes above on the Greek PROPHETES. The person who speaks God’s
truths and standards serves to upbuild listeners. [2 Corinthians 10:8]
Encouraging and comforting: Or, exhortation,
1CO14:4 The man speaking in a tongue is only constructive to himself;745
but the man prophesying is doing something constructive to the congregation.746
The man speaking in a tongue is only constructive to himself: Or, upbuilds, edifies, strengthens. That is if there is no one to translate
the message thus the gift is somewhat self-centered if abused.
The man prophesying is doing something constructive
to the congregation: Throughout this section the Greek masculine is used indicating Paul speaks of males serving in the congregation. He gives the Master’s commandment regarding women in the closing verses. In the book of Acts it is men who speak
1CO14:5 Now I wish all of you spoke in tongues,747
but [I would prefer] that you prophesy.748
Greater is the man who prophesies than the man speaking in tongues.749
Unless, of course, there be a man to translate so that the whole congregation might receive [something] constructive.750
Now I wish all of you spoke in tongues: These are specific languages intended to convey to those of the same language the meaning
of the Gospel. Corinth was a busy commercial port and must have had people speaking foreign languages from all over the world. Evidently not all did, and some were abusing the Spirit’s gift. Compare the first episode of speaking in tongues in Acts chapter
2. It is clear from this that specific languages are being described.
But [I would prefer] that you prophesy:
Or, PME: preached the word of God. Evidently not all responded to the principle of 2 Corinthians 4:12, 13.
is the man who prophesies than the man speaking in tongues: Likely the gift of tongues was more impressive, but Paul makes it clear the gift of preaching is greater. [See notes on 1 Corinthians 12:10]
Unless, of course, there be a man to translate so that the whole congregation might receive [something] constructive: Vain gibberish unintelligible to others is not
the purpose of tongues. It is also not a mere praise phrase, such as, “Praise the Master.” It is some message with content.
1CO14:6 Now, brothers, if I ever should approach you
speaking tongues how would it benefit you, unless I spoke either in a revelation,751
or in knowledge, or in a prophecy, or in a teaching?752
Unless I spoke either in a revelation: The Greek is APOCALYPSEI. Here Paul lists the four fundamentals to a meeting: revelation, knowledge, prophecy, and teaching. The modern meeting may well contain the same.
Knowledge, or in a prophecy, or in a teaching: Tongues is not mere unintelligible gibberish but these four subjects
spoken in a foreign language. If all spoke the same language as Paul, say Greek in this case, a tongue would be unnecessary. Only if an unbeliever of another language was present would there be a true need as reflected in the original case of tongues at Acts
1 Corinthians 14:7-12 – Prophecy Greater than Tongues
1CO14:7 Just so the things without a soul give off sounds,753
whether a flute or harp. If their tones are not distinctive how will it be known what [music] is being played754
on the flute or on the harp?
The things without a soul give off sounds: That is, inanimate things. Even the starry universe has a “voice.” [Psalm 19:1-4] Some of it is called “background noise of the creation.” Paul here uses the analogy of the flute and harp.
If their tones are not distinctive how will it be known what [music] is being played: There must be rhythm and purpose to these sounds in order to make sense. There must be a real purpose to these noises.
1CO14:8 Really, if the trumpet give an uncertain sound,755
who will prepare for battle?756
If the trumpet give an uncertain sound: Military trumpets have specific calls.
Who will prepare for battle: The trumpet is an instrument of preparation. [Numbers 10:9; Job 39:25]
so, if you should every speak a word by means of a tongue without any significance757
how will the things you speak be understood?758
For you will just be speaking into the air!759
Without any significance: Or, KJV: words easy to be understood; BCK: clear meaning; RSV: not intelligible. Compare 1 Corinthians 14:19.
How will the things you speak be understood: Tongues are useless to the whole group unless the message is understood.
For you will just be speaking into the air: Or, MOF: you will be pouring words into the empty air. Compare 1 Corinthians 9:26. He means as far as others are concerned, for he has already mentioned speaking to oneself and God.
1CO14:10 There are many different kinds of sounds in the cosmos and none are without some noise.760
1CO14:11 However, if I do not understand the force of the sound, I shall be just as one speaking a foreign language,761
and the one speaking to me [will be speaking] in a foreign language.
I shall be just as one speaking a foreign language: The Greek is BARBAROS from which comes “Barbarian.” The word did not have the connotation it has today. [2 Kings 18:26]
1CO14:12 Thus, also, all of you – since you are so zealous for inspirations762
– continue seeking something constructive to the congregation so that you might overflow.763
Since you are so zealous for inspirations: Or, KJV: spiritual gifts; RSV: manifestations of the spirit; GDS: ambitious for spiritual endowments. It is interesting, without such inspired tongues today, some ambitious men in the Church are ambitious for anything which can make a display. [1 Corinthians 12:1, 7]
Continue seeking something constructive to the congregation so that you might overflow: Or, upbuilding, edifying; abundant measure. The use of tongues without meaning is useless. Paul’s analogy is of two persons speaking a different language without purpose.
1 Corinthians 14:13-19 – Constructive Instruction
1CO14:13 Therefore, let the man speaking in tongues pray so that he may be translated.764
Let the man speaking in tongues pray so that he may be translated: Or, interpreted. The translator relates to the rest of the congregation
what the message is for the foreign visitor present.
1CO14:14 For if I should ever pray in tongues,765
[it is] my inner self praying,766
but my own mind is unfruitful.767
Pray in tongues: This confirms one of the ways tongues were used was in prayer. See also 1 Corinthians 12:10 and 1 Corinthians 14:5.
But my own mind is unfruitful: Or, GDS: my mind is helping nobody; TCN: my mind is blank. Likely Goodspeed comes close to the mark. Or,
the foreign tongue is not understood by the mind.
1CO14:15 Therefore, what should be done? I shall pray within my inner self, but I shall also pray within my mind.768
I shall make melody within my inner self, but also within my mind.769
I shall also pray within my mind: Or, understanding, pray so as to be understood.
Make melody within my inner self, but also within my mind: Paul adds singing to his list in association with tongues. Many religions incorporate a form of music in meditative prayer, as some Jews and Muslims still do today. Compare Psalm 1:2 in Hebrew. The word “melody” occurs over 100 times in the Psalms. [1 Samuel 19:20-24]
1CO14:16 For if you ever offer a blessing just within your inner self,770
how will the ungifted person sitting in the common place771
say, “Amen!” upon your thanksgiving, since he does not understand what you are saying?
Offer a blessing just within your inner self: Possibly another facet to tongues – a prayer of blessing.
How will the ungifted person sitting in the common place: Or, KJV: the room of the unlearned; BEC: ordinary person; TCN: without your gift;
RHM: filleth up the place of the ungifted person.
1CO14:17 You may, indeed, be giving thanks in an excellent manner,772
but the other person receives nothing constructive.773
Giving thanks in an excellent manner: Or, thanks well.
The other person receives nothing constructive: Or, strengthened, edified, not built up, no enlightened.
1CO14:18 I give
thanks to The God that I speak in more tongues774
than all of you!
I speak in more tongues: That is a variety of foreign languages under the pressure of the Pneuma.
1CO14:19 Within the congregation I would rather speak five words with my mind775
– so that others also might be instructed776
– rather than ten thousand words in a tongue.
I would rather speak five words with my mind: Or, with understanding, mind in action, intelligible. Paul suggests that tongues without a proper translator is not upbuilding or useful.
So that others also might be instructed: One of the two reasons for the Christian congregation: instruction and encouragement.
1 Corinthians 14:20-33 – What Is to Be Done at Meetings?
1CO14:20 Brothers, do not become little boys in mental powers,777
but be babes regarding harmful things.778
Rather, become mature in mental powers.779
Brothers, do not become little boys in mental powers: Or, KJV: children in understanding; WMS children in intelligence; KNX: think
childish thoughts. The Greek is PAIDIA meaning “little boys.” Paul is speaking primarily to the men in Corinth. By referring to such spiritual infants Paul may allude back to what he had said in 1 Corinthians 3:1 and 1 Corinthians 13:11.
Be babes regarding harmful things: Or, KJV: in malice be ye children; RSV: babes in evil; KNX: keep the innocence of children. [Jeremiah
4:22; Romans 16:19]
Become mature in mental powers: Or, KJV: in understanding be men; NEB: be grown-up in
your thinking; GDS: mentally be mature; ABU: in your understanding be full grown; TCN: in understanding show yourselves men. [Philippians 3:15; Hebrews 5:14; 1 Peter 2:2] Here Paul uses TELEIOI as he did elsewhere in this epistle.
1CO14:21 In the Law is has been written,780“‘In different languages and in different speech I shall speak to this people, and yet they will not listen to me,’ says YHWH.”
In the Law is has been written: Paul now quotes from the Prophets, though he calls this the Law, Isaiah 28:11. Note the word “Law”
in 1 Corinthians 14:34. On the word “Law” compare its occurrence in Psalm 119. Paul applies Isaiah 28:11 to the gift of tongues which is something of an inspired interpretative paraphrase. It will be noted the Greek for “Lord” is without
the article here and thus it is likely YHWH occurred in this location as it does in Isaiah 28:11.
1CO14:22 And so, the tongues are a sign, not to those who believe, but to the unbelievers.781
However, the prophecy is not for unbelievers but for those who believe.782
The tongues are a sign, not to those who believe, but to the unbelievers: Paul’s explains the main purpose of the gift of tongues.
Since he has already stated that it is the “Jews who look for signs, while the Greeks seek wisdom,” it follows that the original purpose of tongues was as a sign to foreign speaking Jews, proof God’s Pneuma had abandoned the Jews and not rested on the Nazarene movement. Compare the context of the first use of tongues at Acts 2:5ff.
Prophecy is not for unbelievers but for those who believe: The main purpose of speaking within the congregation is to instruct and encourage believers. Most often unbelievers have their first contact with Christian evangelism outside the congregation.
1CO14:23 Therefore, whenever you should come together as a congregation to the very same place783
– and if all of you may be speaking in tongues784
– and common people or unbelievers enter – will they not say you are all out of your minds?785
Whenever you should come together as a congregation to the very same place: This was usually in a home, or following the Nazarene,
in an outdoor location. [Romans 16:5; 1 Corinthians 16:19; Colossians 4:15; Philemon 2] There is no evidence in the Christian Bible of disciples building churches.
If all of you may be speaking in tongues: It would seem that the Pneumatic pressure easily fell on a believer to use tongues so that a whole congregation might do this without any degree of control. Paul cautions against
this as useless as a sign to unbelievers. Note the reaction of the foreign-speaking Jews in Acts 2:4ff.
of your minds: Or, mad, demented, raving, fanatical, crazy. The Greek is the word from which the English “manic” is drawn.
1CO14:24 However, if you should all be prophesying786
the unbeliever or common man will be reproved by everyone787
since he is being scrutinized by everyone.788
All be prophesying: It is likely Paul means those two or three men he next mentions below. As shown above “prophesying”
is a matter of speaking to others.
Common man will be reproved by everyone: Or, convicted, convinced. Note
the word “common man” is from the Greek IDIOTES, something the apostles were also called. [Acts 4:13]
He is being scrutinized by everyone: Or, judged. [Ephesians 5:13] Often when a stranger attends a Christian meeting he is met by all present, as the groups are small. Not only what is heard by the Christian prophets or speakers, but also godly conversation
that follows may prove to the truth of the Christian message. Often Christian women are very effective here.
1CO14:25 The hidden secrets of his heart will become manifest789
and so he
will fall on his face and render worship to The God. He will report:
“The God is really among you!”790
The hidden secrets of his heart will become manifest: Or, secret depths. It is really the Word of God that does this.
[Hebrews 4:12, 13] The first step toward Christ after knowledge is repentance, or a change of mind and heart.
God is really among you: Paul puts the words of Isaiah 45:14 in this new believers mouth. This may also allude to Zechariah 8:23, thus possibly showing the inspired interpretation of this text to the early Church with its Jews and Greeks.
1 Corinthians 14:26-33a – Orderly Meetings
1CO14:26 Therefore, what is to be done, brothers?791
Whenever you assemble for a meeting:792
one man has a hymn,793
one man has a teaching,794
one man has a revelation,795
one man has a tongue,796
and one man has a translation.797
Let everything occur with a constructive purpose.798
Therefore, what is to be done, brothers: The second time Paul has used this phrase in 1 Corinthians chapter 14. He is likely addressing
those “brothers” who are the congregation guides, the elders. [Hebrews 13:7, 17] What follows is all in the masculine Greek, suggesting these instructions as part of the “Master’s commandment” involve only men.
Whenever you assemble for a meeting: Compare the language at 1 Corinthians 14:23. These instructions as the Master’s commandment [1 Corinthians 14:37] are a model for all Christian meetings everywhere, throughout the Gospel Age. This is the only place in the Christian Bible where meetings are described.
One man has a hymn: The Greek is literally “each one a psalm.” Though some translators make this “everyone of you has a hymn” it is also likely that Paul means one man has a hymn consistent with what follows. Likely this means one elder leads the congregation in one hymn. Some will want this to read multiple hymns. The Greek word here is PSALMON, suggesting something from the Psalms. Some modern churches do not use musical instruments, though the nation of Israel did – David the prime example. There seems little harm in more than one hymn, but it is worthy to note Paul’s instructions. It should be remembered that Jesus is never scene singing until following the last Passover. [Matthew 26:30]
One man has a teaching: Or, doctrine, lesson, a piece of teaching. Only elders taught in the early Church. See notes on “teacher” at 1 Corinthians 12:28. Women did not teach within the congregation. [1 Corinthians 14:34, 35 1 Timothy 2:11-13] Paul never states that “teaching will pass away” [1 Corinthians 13:8] though the information may change form the partial and limited to the complete.
One man has a revelation: In the early Church – before the completion of the Christian canon of the New Testament – before Church members had access to Bibles – the Pneumatic Pressure came upon some men to reveal truths within “dreams and visions” [Acts 2:17]. Paul does not say “revelation will pass away” and so such commentaries on inspired revelations ought to remain a part of the modern Church. Fittingly it is the Book of Revelation about which it is said, “Do not seal the book!” [Revelation 22:10]
One man has a tongue: An elder, or elders, are to speak in a foreign tongue as the Pneumatic Pressure comes upon him. This gift would follow the instructions Paul gives as the Master’s commandment. Paul does say that “tongues will cease.” [1 Corinthians 13:8] Thus, this portion of the early Church would not be part of the modern assembly.
One man has a translation: If this person is not present, the former gift is not to be used according to Paul’s instructions. More than one elder may use this gift as Paul next mentions below. Of course, if “tongues cease” [1 Corinthians 13:8] such a translator would not be necessary. As the Church enters its 3rd Millennium it speaks in more languages than ever in its history. The Bible and Christian publications are published in most languages on earth.
Let everything occur with a constructive purpose: Or, upbuilding, edifying. This remains one of the key principles to Christian meetings. Instruction and encouragement must be constructive. Compare Romans 14:19 and 2 Corinthians 12:19. Note some of the reasons for elders at Ephesians 4:11-16.
1CO14:27 And if anyone speaks in tongues let it be limited to two or three799
(and one at a time)800
and let a man translate.
If anyone speaks in tongues let it be limited to two or three: As in the first case of the apostles speaking in tongues to the twelve
languages present in Acts 2:4ff it is possible persons of other languages would be visiting the assembly and there would be a particular need for more than one tongue or foreign language.
And one at a time: Never would more than one speak at the same time as another as is often observed in some modern churches who claim the gift of tongues.
1CO14:28 But, if there is no man to translate, let him remain silent in the congregation,801
though he may speak to himself and to The God.
Let him remain silent in the congregation: Or, not speak out loud. This indicates there was control over whether one exercised this
gift. The word for “silent” here is SIGATO and is the same word used later of women at 1 Corinthians 14:34, thus “silent” means not to speak at all.
1CO14:29 Let two
or three prophets speak802
and let the rest [of the congregation] discern the meaning.803
Let two or three prophets speak: It seems clear the Corinthian congregation was rather larger with a sizeable group of men to share
in the meetings. Though “partial prophesying” is to be done away, prophets would remain in the Church until the end-times. [1 Corinthians 13:8] See notes above on 1 Corinthians 12:28. Thus, a meeting in a large congregation would not necessarily
be limited to the preaching of one man, but many could share in the instruction and encouragement.
Let the rest
[of the congregation] discern the meaning: Or, KJV judge; PME: think over what is being said; GDS: let the rest weigh what is said. Such was done with Paul’s preaching. [Acts 17:3, 11] This would include the sisters, the youth, and visitors. Nowhere
does Paul indicate as part of his instructions in the Master’s commandment that all the congregation could share by speaking up in the meeting.
1CO14:30 But, if ever something might
be revealed to another person sitting [in the congregation],804
let the first man remain silent.805
Something might be revealed to another person sitting [in the congregation]: Likely Paul means an elder or mature Christian man may
have a specific thought which he may speak from his seat, just as Jesus did in Luke 4:16-21. In the Jewish synagogue visiting elders were asked to speak a word of encouragement or exhortation. Compare Acts 13:15, 16.
Let the first man remain silent: In other words, two men should not be talking at the same time as this is ill-mannered and lacks order. [1 Corinthians
1CO14:31 For you [men] all may prophesy one at a time806
so that everyone may learn and be encouraged.807
For you [men] all may prophesy one at a time: Thus the “order” of 1 Corinthians 14:33.
So that everyone may learn and be encouraged: Or, receive instruction. The two main reasons for the meetings: instruction and encouragement. [Hebrews 10:25]
1CO14:32 Also the inspirations of the prophets should be subjected to the prophets.808
Also the inspirations of the prophets should be subjected to the prophets: Or, KJV: the spirits of the prophets are subject to the
prophets; PME: the spirit of a true preacher is under the preacher’s control; TAY: a person who has a message from God has the power to stop himself and wait his turn; CON: and the gift of prophecy does not take from the prophets the control of their
own spirits. This may mean that each prophet may exercise his own wisdom on what and how he wishes to deliver his message; or, each preacher should learn to control what and how he delivers his message.
For The God is not disorganized: Or, KJV: author of confusion; NEB: disorder. One may read the Book of Numbers and see the divine organization which prevailed among the Israelites.
But peacefully [arranged]: Or, peace, harmony. He is called the “God of peace.” [Philippians 4:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 13:20] Compare Romans 15:33. Meetings in the congregation
are orderly and well-arranged according to the general outline Paul has presented above.
1 Corinthians 14:33b-36 – Women Learn Submissively
As in all the congregations of the Saints: Or, churches, assemblies. Paul is about to give another of the Master’s commandments
[1 Corinthians 14:37] which has proved unsettling to some modern Christian women. Others, wanting to tickle the ears of female members of the Church, have tried to argue that the following words are really those of the Corinthians. These charge that these words are not Paul’s but something of a question from the Corinthians. On this matter see below.
1CO14:34 let the women in the congregation keep silent,812
because it is not permitted for them to speak.813
let them be subjecting themselves
[Genesis 3:17 LXX] just as the Law says.814
It is not permitted for them to speak: Or, NJB: since they have not permission to speak. [1 Timothy 2:11-13] Thus, women would not be among the apostles, prophets, or teachers mentioned earlier in 1 Corinthians 12:28. Nor would they have been included in those above who had a psalm, teaching, revelation, or a tongue. As in the case of the Jewish synagogue before – which was something of a precursor of the Christian assembly – women did not share in the spiritual program. Judging from Titus chapter 2 the work of women is in the home, training their own children, as well as younger women. This Gospel work of women is among the most important which befalls the Church – the preparation of he next generation. It has been often overlooked in importance. God, for His own reasons – some mentioned by Paul in 1 Corinthians 11 and 1 Timothy 2 – has appointed only mature Christian men to carry the burden of church teaching and administration.
Let them be subjecting themselves just as the Law says: Or, KJV: they are commanded to be under obedience; BER: must take the secondary place; NJB: subordinate. By “the Law” Paul may mean the general tenor of it. Or, he may allude to Genesis 3:17 which reads in the LXX: “Your submission shall be to your husband and he will rule over you.” It is worthy of note that the Nazarene never included women in his selection of apostles or the Seventy. They did accompany him on occasion as ministers to his material needs. [Luke 8:1-3]
1CO14:35 However, if they want to learn something let them question their own husbands at home,815
because it is disgraceful for a woman to be speaking in the congregation.816
If they want to learn something let them question their own husbands at home: The women were not to raise questions in the assembly
or argue with the elders and other men. They were to present their questions to their godly husbands at home. In this culture few women lived alone and were normally under the roof of a family. Some will raise the question of those Christian women with unbelieving
husbands, and though Paul does not deal with this problem, certainly the principles found in 1 Peter 3:1-7 may be brought to bear. How such questions of unmarried women without even a godly father can be left to the local elders to determine. Often, it is not the question, but the attitude of someone who does not want to learn – possibly thinking no one can teach them anything – and not the sincere question itself. The responsibility falls upon the Christian husband to find the answer to her question. He may need to seek the aid of the elders in some matters.
It is disgraceful for a woman to be speaking in the congregation: Or, KJV: it is a shame; NEB: it is a socking thing that a woman should address the congregation; TAY: it is wrong for women to express their opinions in church meetings; NOR: for it is considered a disgrace for women to speak in the church. It is not likely that a woman who was formerly Jewish would speak in the assembly as the Jews did not permit this. More likely this is a Greek problem as their women did participate as oracles and priestesses in pagan rituals. Possibly some women in Corinth were asserting themselves, trying to bring within the congregation pagan practices. Paul makes it clear it is “disgraceful” for a Christian woman to speak up in the congregation. He uses the same word he uses earlier in 1 Corinthians 11:6 regarding a woman shaved of her hair. There is no case of a female speaking to a Christian assembly, or raising her voice at all within the assembly. Women are encouraged to be “teachers of goodness, so that they may encourage the young women to be fond of males, fond of their children, sound of mind, pure, workers at home, good, subjecting themselves to their own husbands, lest the Word of The God be spoken about evilly.” [Titus 2:3-5 NCMM]
1CO14:36 Or, did the word of The God originate from you?817
Or did it reach only as far as you?818
Or, did the word of The God originate from you: That is as if Corinth should determine Church tradition and order as if they were the original source.
Or did it reach only as far as you: That is, does the Word of God stop with them as though they were the final arbitrators.
1 Corinthians 14:37-40 – Decent Arrangement
1CO14:37 If anyone thinks they are a prophet or a pneumatic person,819
let that man acknowledge these things I am writing to all of you,820
because it is the Master’s commandment.821
If anyone thinks they are a prophet or a pneumatic person: Or, spiritually gifted. He is speaking to what he will call “super-fine
apostles” in 2 Corinthians chapter 11. These elders had determined that the practice of female influence – as it existed in pagan rituals – would continue in the Christian congregation. They thought highly of themselves, and Paul is being
a bit sarcastic.
Let that man acknowledge these things I am writing to all of you: Or, KNX: let him prove
it by recognizing this message to you. Such an elder, or elders would have to recognize Paul’s authority and come in line with the general standard of the Church.
Because it is the Master’s commandment: Or, Lord’s authority, Lord’s injunction. This makes it most serious. How far this “commandment” covers everything Paul has said, it surely covers the
last item: the place of women in the Church. This is not just Paul’s opinion as expressed elsewhere in 1 Corinthians. Paul may either refer to something revealed to him from the Master Jesus; or, he may again allude back to Genesis 3:17 and its stated
1CO14:38 But, if anyone wishes to ignore these, he should be ignored.822
If anyone wishes to ignore these, he should be ignored: Or, KJV: if any man be ignorant let him be ignorant; RSV: does not recognize;
CON: refuse this acknowledgement; GDS: pays no attention; NEB: he himself should not be recognized; CON: let him refuse it at his peril; GDS: pay no attention to him. Any elder or Christian man who insists women should have equal authority within the Church
– or that they should have the right to openly teach or express themselves – should not be recognized but ignored as being ignorant. The words are weighty and can hardly be ignored as if to rationalize a view contrary to the “Master’s
1CO14:39 And so, my brothers, all of you continue to zealously seek prophesying,823
and yet do not forbid tongues.
My brothers, all of you continue to zealously seek prophesying: In view of the above Paul means the qualified men under Pneumatic
Pressure. All Christian men ought to strive to become preachers of the Gospel.
1CO14:40 But, let everything occur according to good manners and order.824
Let everything occur according to good manners
and order: Or, KJV: decently and in order; BER: with propriety and in orderly fashion; KNX: suitably and with right order; WMS: everything must always be done in a proper and orderly way. The elder is to be “orderly” according to 1 Timothy 3:2. Paul’s injunctions require a proper degree of preparation in Christian meetings. “Good manners” ought to characterize everything the elder does before the congregation.
Review Questions on Chapter Fourteen
What new subject does Paul address?
Which gift is greater? Why?
How only can tongues build up a congregation?
What analogy does Paul make regarding tongues?
What is his main point regarding tongues?
What does Paul encourage?
What does Paul recommend?
What would Paul rather see and do?
What counsel does Paul give the brothers?
What Bible verse does he quote with what purpose?
What is the difference between tongues and prophecy?
How may the visitor to the meeting be helped?
What may the visitor say?
How does Paul outline meetings?
Should more than one person be speaking?
What are two purposes of the meetings?
How should meetings reflect The God worshipped?
What does Paul say about women in the congregation?
What should married woman do if she has a question?
What questions does Paul put to the Corinthians?
What caution does Paul give those who consider themselves ‘spiritual’?